Which Of The Following Is A Criticism Of Structuralism

Question 1

Which of the following is a criticism of structuralism?

Scientific instruments were not sensitive enough to measure precise reaction times.

Structuralism was parsimonious.

The process was highly subjective.

Wilhelm Wundt falsified his results.

Question 2

what is the structural adjustment programe and what is the purpose of structural adjustment program?

write an essay of 1000 words. include the criticism of the structural adjustment program?

Question 3

Answer to question 1

  • ANSWER-The process was highly subjective is a criticism of structuralism
  • By today’s scientific standards, the experimental methods used to study the structures of the mind were too subjective—the use of introspection led to a lack of reliability in results. Other critics argue that structuralism was too concerned with internal behavior, which is not directly observable and cannot be accurately measured.

Answer to question 2

A structural adjustment is a set of economic reforms that a country must adhere to in order to secure a loan from the International Monetary Fund and/or the World Bank. Structural adjustments are often a set of economic policies, including reducing government spending, opening to free trade, and so on.

The main objective of structural adjustment programs (SAPS) is to make economic changes to Governments of developing countries but with conditions the IMF and World Bank grants loans to developing countries to make these economic changes in their Economies.

Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs) are economic policies for developing countries that have been promoted by the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) since the early 1980s by the provision of loans conditional on the adoption of such policies. Structural adjustment loans are loans made by the World Bank. They are designed to encourage the structural adjustment of an economy by, for example, removing “excess” government controls and promoting market competition as part of the neo-liberal agenda followed by the Bank. The Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility is an IMF financing mechanism to support of macroeconomic policies and SAPs in low-income countries through loans or low interest subsidies.

Our review finds that structural adjustment programmes have a detrimental impact on child and maternal health. In particular, these programmes undermine access to quality and affordable healthcare and adversely impact upon social determinants of health, such as income and food availability.

An almost classic criticism of structural adjustment is pointing out the dramatic cuts in the education and health sectors. In many cases, governments ended up spending less money on these essential services than on servicing international debts. … This situation had been exacerbated by structural adjustment programmes.


Answer to question 3

The subject matter of psychology is to find out the deeper meaning behind every object or action.

According to Titchener, stimulus error is the consciousness of a thing as it really exists without thinking the reasons of its existence, and the deeper meaning behind it. 

Wilhelm Wundt  breaks the conscious thought of human beings into many small parts and this process is called introspection.

Titchener’s three essential problems of psychology: 

1. Basic elements and experiences need to be identified and categorized. But it has not been done.

2. It has not been explained how each element interacts with others.

3. The relationship in the experiences has not been established.

Three elements of consciousness: 

1. Identifying

2. Classifying 

3. Introspection 

Titchener presented a list …….

Titchener says that by sensation one can categories many elements: 

1. Vision

2. Hearing

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