Unobtrusive research differs from other survey research in that

Question 1

Unobtrusive research differs from other survey research in that

Question 2

Which of the following is not a type of unobtrusive measure?

a) Archives

b) Contrived observation

c) Indexes

d) Physical trace evidence

e) Simple observations

Question 3

  1. Which of the following research designs is used most often in quantitative sociology?
    1. Survey research
    2. Unobtrusive research
    3. Content analysis
    4. Participant Observation

Answer to question 1

One of the main differences in collecting information and data is whether researchers decide to employ obtrusive (i.e. noticeable or involved in a direct way) or unobtrusive (i.e. not noticeable or involved in any direct way) research methods.

Unobtrusive research involves methods of gathering data on subjects of research without directly interfering, interrupting, or contacting the subjects and their natural and normal behaviors and actions. Traditionally, the specific methods of unobtrusive research include indirect measures, historical comparative analysis, content analysis, and secondary data analysis. These methods mainly rely upon the use of a wide variety of sources, including books, speeches, records, recordings, publicly available government documents, or surveys. They can also involve previously documented or analyzed information and the informal collection of data through simple observation.

Unobtrusive research differs from survey research, which involves the direct contact and questioning of research subjects to gain data and information on a specific research topic. It also has some advantages over survey research, including the elimination of biases introduced by researchers and/or subjects. Additionally, unobtrusive research is associated with easier to obtain data and easily repeated methods and correctable collection errors. It examines actual behavior over self-reported behavior and is generally less expensive to conduct.

Compared to survey research, the disadvantages of unobtrusive research may include issues with the validity of the research in relation to data collection, context, and sources. Potential biases and personal viewpoints of the original researchers collecting the data may impact the validity of the data and reliability of the results of a current research study.

Answer to question 2

Indexes compute the representation changes of individual data points. Indexes provide a summary and rank of particular observations. According to its definition, indexes do not qualify to be unobtrusive measures. Archives, contrived observations, physical trace evidence, and simple observations are unobtrusive measures since they involve data collection.

Answer to question 3

Correct answer is Option 1, as here there are usually a large group of sample or participants from which data is collected with the help of a questionnaire where a set of questions are present the the participants usually have to tick mark or give one word answers. While analysing the data these answer can be quantified and interpreted. 

Option 2, 3 and 4 are incorrect as these are not the widely used method in quantitative sociology. Option 2 is incorrect as both quantitative and qualitative research methods are unobtrusive. Option 3 and 4 are incorrect as these methods are typically characteristic of qualitative methodology.

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