Plz sugest how to defend against ipc 427?

Me and my frnd working in one of infra company and during site work my frnd damages bsnl ofc cable accidently bt as per our statement got from corporation the cables has to be 1mt out from our boundry and minimum 1mt deep from ground level bt the cable which is damaged is found in our boundry and less than 1 mt depth, bt nw the bsnl personal putted an case against him under section of ipc 427 so plz suggest the solution to resolve this matter

4 Answers

  1. Section 427. Mischief causing damage to the amount of fifty rupees

    Whoever commits mischief and thereby causes loss or damage to the amount of fifty rupees or upwards, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.


    Punishment—Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both—Non-cogniz­able—Bailable—Triable by any Magistrate—Compoundable by the person to whom the loss or damage is caused.

    Consult a good lawyer or go for a compromise or pay the fine and get out of it.

    Don’t worry much but pls do not repeat.

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  4. consult a lawyer immediately !

Relevant information

If a person commits mischief and thereby causes loss or damage to the amount of fifty rupees or more, then he shall be liable to be punished with imprisonment up to 2 yrs or fine or both.

Meaning of mischief: Whoever with the intention to cause or knows that he is likely to cause any kind of loss or damage to anyone and causes destruction/change in any property thereby diminishing its value or utility or affects it injuriously, is said to commit mischief.

Ingredients of the offence under section 427 Indian kanoon:

Mischief must be committed as per section 425. There must be a loss or damage worth 50rs or more due to the mischief was done.

The word Mischief in the Indian Penal Code under section 425 states that an act was done by any person who intends to cause or who knows that it may cause any kind of loss or damage to the public at large or to even a single person or even causes destruction of a property which can lead to its destruction or loss in its value.

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To hold a person guilty under the offence defined under section 425, it is not relevant whether there is an actual loss or damage to a person or property. The mere fact that the offender had the knowledge that it might cause damage or loss in value is sufficient to book a person under the kanooni Dhara 425.

Let us take an example. In a landmark case, an accused was driving tempo in a very rash/ negligent manner, And he against an AC container and caused damage to the same. The damage obviously turned out to cost more than 50rs and therefore he was convicted under the offence of section 279 and section 427 IPC.

It was also held by the District Court, Delhi that even though the accused did not have the intention of causing damage to the ac container but the mere fact that he had knowledge and sense that his act would cause damage to the car made him liable to get punished under section 427 IPC proving that all the essentials which are required under section 427 to constitute an offence, were fulfilled.

Illustration: If a person ‘Y’ on his own burns valuable security of person ‘X’, with the intention to cause loss to person ‘x’, the person ‘y’ has committed an offence.

Is IPC 427 bailable?

Yes IPC 427 is a bailable offence.

What is the punishment for IPC 427 Case?

Punishment for IPC 427 is imprisonment upto 2 yrs or fine or both.

Is IPC 427 a cognizable offence or a non-cognizable offence?

Dhara 427 is a non-cognizable offence.

How to file/defend your case for IPC 427 offence?

  1. Under section 155, you can give the information of the non-cognizable offence to the police station and they will enter the details in the book and refer you to the magistrate u/s 156(3).

  2. The police officer cannot investigate a non-cognizable case without the order of a Magistrate having the power to try such cases or commit the case for trial.

  3. Any police officer receiving such an order may exercise the same powers in respect of the investigation (except the power to arrest without warrant) as an officer in charge of a police headquarters may exercise during a cognizable case.

  4. Where a case relates to 2 or more offences of which a minimum of 1 is cognizable, the case shall be deemed to be a cognizable case, notwithstanding that the other offences are non- cognizable.

  5. You can directly file a private complaint before the magistrate u/s 190 r/w 200 wherein the magistrate will direct the police to carry out an investigation and file a report.

Any famous judgment w.r.t. IPC 427 if any?

In a landmark case, an accused was driving the tempo in a rash and negligent manner and he hit against an AC container and caused damage to the same. The damage caused was for an amount exceeding Rs. 50 and thereby offence punishable under section 279 (rash driving or riding on a public way) and 427 of IPC were committed. It was held by the Saket District Court, Delhi that the accused did not have the intention of causing damage to the vehicle, but he had knowledge that his act of rash driving may cause damage to any person or property. Hence, all the essentials of section 427 of IPC were fulfilled and the accused was held liable accordingly.

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Kausar Ali v. State of Jharkhand, 2020 SCC OnLine Jhar 742

The facts of the case are that the complainant was a sole owner of a piece of land acquired by him, registered by way of a proper sale deed being the one and only owner of the same. The opposite party had started dumping iron ore boulder etc endlessly and therefore the value of that land had diminished bcos it was full of waste materials and the capacity of that land to grow crops had reduced. The opposite party had caused a loss of more than 10000rs because of throwing waste materials on that land. The complainant was not able to use the agricultural land for cultivation. A complaint under Section 427 and 447 IPC was made and a judicial Magistrate convicted the opposite party and later even the sessions court affirmed the order.

The advocate for the opposite party contended that the case is a civil dispute and not a criminal dispute as it relates to the title of the land.

The Court observed

“The act i.e. dumping of iron ore over the complainant’s land certainly intimidate him and would cause annoyance so the basic ingredients of the criminal trespass is present in this facts and circumstances of the case so accused is also liable to be convicted for the offence committed under Section 447 IPC.”

Court held that both the sale-deeds were in connection with the same property. It was further held that the basic ingredients of Sections 427 and 447 were satisfied and the petitioner’s actions caused wrongful loss to the complainant and the land became infertile and was not useful for cultivation. It was further held that as the basic ingredients of offence were present in the case, hence merely because there is a dispute in connection with the land, it will not be a civil dispute.

In view of the above, the petition was disposed of and the sentence modified.

This beautiful article on IPC Section 427 is written by Ms. Rashi Sheth, 3 rd year LLB student, Jitendra Chauhan College of Law.

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