A cylindrical soil sample of 7.5 cm in height and 3.75 cm diameter

Question 1

Question 2

Did Columbus use the encomienda system? Hispaniola: Hispaniola refers to an island in the West Indies with the modern day countries of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. It was on this island that Christopher Columbus first encountered the Tainos upon his arrival in 1492.
Question 3

What was the first permanent settlement in North America? Voyages of Christopher Columbus: Although Columbus did not actually discover the Americas, seeing that Native Americans had lived there for thousands of years when he arrived and the Norse explorer Leif Erikson was the first European to reach North America, his voyages did mark the beginning of a period of colonization and trade between the Americas and Europe.
Question 4

Where was Roosevelt’s big stick diplomacy used? War: After the destruction that had reduced the world to its knees since 1939, the post-World War II (WWII) years should have been filled with serenity. Unfortunately, another power battle erupted between the US and the Soviet Union about whether democracy or communism was the ideal form of government for the globe. Because democracy is more of a form of government and communism is also an economic system, the international stage saw a battle between capitalism and communism.
Answer to question 1

Answer to question 2

Answer and Explanation: The encomienda system predated Columbus’ landing in the Caribbean, and entailed the granting of land, labor, and tribute from those conquered. Such grants were awarded to conquistadors for their work and loyalty by the crown, which included the title encomenderos. Upon his arrival in Hispaniola, Columbus immediately instituted the encomienda system, and although gold was a scarce commodity on the islands, the tribute required was to be paid in gold or face harsh punishments. The indigenous population was also required to work for the Spanish in mines, on farms, and in other required forms of labor. Although enslaved, the natives were also forcibly converted to Christianity. Columbus then granted land, called repartimiento, to those who aided in his conquest, which included conquistadors, colonial political officials, priests and other religious figures, and eventually settlers.
Answer to question 3

Answer and Explanation: The first permanent settlement in North America was made by the Spanish when they founded the city of Santo Domingo in 1496. On the mainland, the oldest settlement is Nombre de Dios in modern-day Panama, also founded by the Spanish in 1510. The first settlements in North America were made by Native Americans crossing from Asia into what is now Alaska, but the details are lost to time. The first European settlements were made by the Norse in Greenland and in modern-day Newfoundland and Labrador, but these were shortly abandoned. The first permanent settlement of Europeans in North America was made by the Spanish on the island of Hispaniola in what is now the Dominican Republic. The Spanish founded the towns of La Isabela in 1493, which was soon abandoned, and Concepcion de la Vega in 1494, which was destroyed by an earthquake.
Answer to question 4

Answer and Explanation: The Venezuelan crisis played a role in Roosevelt’s decision to use the Big Stick tactic. The US has used Big Stick diplomacy in various foreign policy situations. Roosevelt used the Big Stick diplomacy during “Canal Diplomacy,” the US diplomatic activities in pursuit of a canal across Central America. The Americans could use the technique to broker a peace treaty between Russia and Japan, as well as a contract for an American-led canal through Panama. As a result, American influence in Cuba grew. Roosevelt created American supremacy at a period when it was considered a moral imperative.

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